The vast field of dentistry has 7 specialties in it which in itself demands in-depth study. People might not even know about its vastness and probably just know either about an Orthodontist or Implantologist and ignore the rest.
One such specialty which goes unnoticed but is important is the Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery. The Oral & Maxillofacial surgeon deals in the diagnosis and treatment of patients whose mouth, jaw and neck are affected. Any damage caused to this area of a person needs the attention of an Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon. They deal with both medicine and dentistry gaining expertise in both the fields.
They deal with surgeries of jaw, neck, and face along with the treatment of tumor and cyst of mouth. The scope of specialty involves both surgical and non-surgical procedures. It is not limited to a particular set or age of people. For instance, the surgeons work with all the patients irrespective of their age.
The conditions which help us identify the need of visiting an Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon are as follows:
Tooth Extractions – The tooth extraction, particularly of impacted wisdom tooth, is taken care of by the OMFS. It is a minor surgical procedure and is done because the impacted wisdom tooth will not grow properly causing the improper bite. Even though it might not hurt, yet it becomes very important to get it extracted. The regular dentist refers to the OMF Surgeon especially if the case is a bit complicated.
Corrective Jaw Surgery – This is done on the patients who have a misaligned jaw and even the Orthodontic treatment is not enough to correct it. Not only the orthodontic conditions but the situations such as congenital abnormalities i.e. the birth defects and other disorders are taken care of through this surgical method. The patient is given general anesthesia and then the jaw and teeth are realigned, reshaped or repositioned. Often, they work closely with the Orthodontist to correct the disorders.
Cleft lift or Palate Surgery – If the facial structure is the concern then the OMF Surgeon will go ahead and get the treatment done. For instance, a traumatic incident such as birth defects, accidents, sports injury, and others are corrected and treated with this surgical procedure. The OMF surgeons specialize in repairing and reconstructing facial issues as they have the experience and detailed understanding of handling both hard and soft tissues.
Cosmetic Procedures – The cosmetic procedure involves a lot of people working together. OMF surgeons usually set the base for cosmetic and restorative dental procedures. For instance, in certain Implant placement procedures, the procedure of bone grafting is required for placing the implants in the jaw. In this case, a surgeon performs the surgical procedure for better placement of the Dental Implants.
In addition to the conditions discussed above, there are certain abnormalities which are resolved with the help of a surgeon. One such condition is that of Sleep Apnea. If a patient has consulted the doctor and is facing the issue of sleep apnea then, it may so happen that the dentist in-charge call for Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon. Along with these certain conditions such as facial pain, removal of lesions, biopsies, and diagnosis of oral cancer also demands the involvement of a surgeon.
The technologies that have been introduced over time has helped the surgeons to perform their tasks well. The introduction of CT Scan and MRI give them the advantage of head and neck anatomy in three dimensions which give the 3D view to plan the surgery.
The advancement in radiology imaging improve the assessment course of the patient and also helps in preoperative planning.
If you are looking for any such case as discussed above, you know whom to consult. The dental chains these days specialize in all the dental specialties all you need to do is look for the best dental clinic or dentist near me options and get yourself examined. They will then guide you to the best surgeon.
Oral Maxillofacial Surgeons are trained in all the dental specialties and often choose to be a specialist in one or more fields.
In case you are hesitant to visit one, go for a consulting basis which you can then decide the mode of treatment.