Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Center offer 360° care in Liver Transplant in Delhi, being equipped with the latest and the best in facilities. The center house facilities and equipment required to deliver the most comprehensive programs aiming at outcomes that are truly commendable.
Whether it is the state-of-the-art liver intensive care units and operation theatres, the 320-slice CT scanner, the objective is to ensure that liver transplants are a safe and smooth process for the patients. Numerous surgical tools to enable safe and bloodless liver surgery including argon laser coagulation, cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator, etc are all used.
At the Department of Liver Disease and Transplantation, everything done is accompanied by love and care. The department’s pre and post-transplant coordinators including physiotherapists and dietitians complete the care with a human touch.
RGCIRC provide a highly skilled state-of-the-art, multi-disciplinary service to the patients, supported by cutting-edge medical technology and infrastructure.
Who needs a liver transplant?
Live transplant surgery replaces a diseased or failing liver with one that is healthy. Liver transplant is the only cure for liver failure or liver insufficiency as there is no machine or device developed that can perform all the functions of a liver. People who need liver transplantation typically have any of the following conditions.
Chronic liver failure:
The human liver is capable of repairing itself in the events of any infection or injury. However, repeated injury and repair, over many years, scars the liver permanently. The stage when the liver is not able to repair itself is called cirrhosis. Once an individual has cirrhosis, he/she may start showing signs of inadequate liver function. Although medications can slow down the symptoms, liver transplantation seems like the only permanent cure.
Acute liver failure:
There are several factors that can lead to acute liver failure, but the most common causes include viral infections, acetaminophen (Tylenol) overdose, an idiosyncratic drug reaction or ingestion of toxins like poisonous mushrooms.
The symptoms of this condition include an individual developing encephalopathy (confusion) within eight weeks after jaundice. The health professionals at RGCIRC say that the confusion occurs because the toxins metabolized by the liver start to accumulate. Patients with acute liver failure are listed as highest priority (Status I) as they may die within days if not transplanted.
What are the causes of Liver Injury?
- Viral Hepatitis – hepatitis B and C
- Alcoholic liver disease – alcohol abuse is another reason for liver failure
- Metabolic liver disease – deposition of fat (Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis) within liver cells may result in inflammation that scars and injures the liver. Risk factors for this condition include obesity, diabetes, and increased cholesterol (hyperlipidemia).
- Autoimmune liver disease –
- Autoimmune hepatitis
- Total Parental Nutrition or TPN-induced cholestasis
- Cholestatic liver diseases
- Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
- Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
- Neonatal sclerosing cholangitis (scarring and infection of bile ducts of an infant)
- Caroli’s disease
- Biliary atresia
- Genetic liver disease like Hemochromatosis
Who can donate?
The doctors, healthcare professionals, and coordinators at RGCIRC carefully evaluate the donors. The health and safety of the donor is utmost priority hence, only those in good health are considered.
The potential donor should:
- Have a matching blood type as the recipient
- Be in good health and physical condition
- Be older than 18 and younger than 55
- Have a healthy body weight
The potential donor should not have any:
- History of hepatitis B or C
- Drug addiction
- HIV infection
- A recent history of cancer
- Psychiatric illness currently under treatment